Figure 2.7 Key stakeholders whose participation is critical to the decarbonization of buildings at different life phases
They include scientists; architecture, engineering and construction firms; building occupants; and waste management and recovery professionals.
Globally, strategies for decarbonizing buildings will differ greatly by region depending on local natural resources and the building stock, as well as on projected needs for the future. Patterns in material flow scenarios suggest that in developed countries, the priority is to renovate the existing and ageing building stock, while repurposing waste into “material banks.” In developing countries, rapid urbanisation means a focus on new construction; in this context, the potential to transform economies by designing out waste in the early stages – from the district to the building scale – has great promise.
Because there is no one strategy to decarbonise materials, decision-makers must take cumulative measures across the lifespan of buildings. Active participation across stakeholders is central – everyone from earth science professionals; to architecture, engineering and construction firms; to building occupants and communities; to waste management professionals. Access to correct information is also key for data-driven policies, financial instruments and research incentives to support each phase of the building and material life cycle, and for each stakeholder group (see Figure 2.7).